Herculaneum was a seaside city destroyed along with Pompeii in the volcanic eruption in 79 AD. It was smaller and had a more wealthy population than Pompeii. Early origins mark it as a Greek trading port. Originally it was thought that the city was completely evacuated during the eruption but later excavations found nearly 300 skeletons hidden in boat houses by the shore. Mosaic floors and painted walls give a brief look into the standard of living of the inhabitants of the time. Its compactness makes it a more manageable place for a day's visit. 

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